miR-375 a potential prognostic marker of head and neck cancers

by Christoph on January 25, 2012

in Publications

Low-Level Expression of miR-375 Correlates with Poor Outcome and Metastasis While Altering the Invasive Properties of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

Researchers at Department of Pathology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine used global miRNA expression profiling of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) samples and adjacent normal tissue to rank those miRNAs that were most significantly altered in a patient population of 123. Harris et al. evaluated 736 of the currently known 1898 unique mature human microRNAs. Rank Consistency Score analysis revealed miR-375 to have the most significantly lowered miRNA levels in tumors relative to matched adjacent nonmalignant tissue from the same patient.

While this result has been previously observed by other groups, this latest study reveals that low miR-375 expression levels correlate significantly with cancer survival and distant metastasis. In a study of 123 primary HNSCC patients using multivariable Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), both death from disease (HR: 12.8, 95% CI: 3 to 49) and incidence of distant metastasis (HR: 8.7, 95% CI: 2 to 31) correlated with lower expression levels of miR-375 regardless of the site or stage of the tumor. In addition, oral cavity tumor cell lines (eg, UMSCC1 and UMSCC47) overexpressing miR-375 were significantly less invasive in vitro than their matched empty vector controls.

The authors conclude that miR-375 may be suitable as a potential prognostic marker of poor outcome and metastasis in HNSCC and that it may function by suppressing the tumor’s invasive properties.

Harris T, Jimenez L, Kawachi N, Fan JB, Chen J, Belbin T, Ramnauth A, Loudig O, Keller CE, Smith R, Prystowsky MB, Schlecht NF, Segall JE, Childs G.
Low-Level Expression of miR-375 Correlates with Poor Outcome and Metastasis While Altering the Invasive Properties of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas.
Am J Pathol., in press.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002944011010947

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