Hepatitis C virus hijacks liver microRNA

by Christoph on January 3, 2012

in Publications

Stabilization of hepatitis C virus RNA by an Ago2–miR-122 complex

MicroRNAs regulate eukaryotic gene expression by binding to regions of imperfect complementarity in mRNAs, typically in the 3′ UTR, recruiting an Argonaute (Ago) protein complex that usually results in translational repression or destabilization of the target RNA. The translation and decay of mRNAs are closely linked, competing processes, and whether the miRNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) acts primarily to reduce translation or stability of the mRNA remains controversial.

miR-122 is an abundant, liver-specific miRNA that is an unusual host factor for hepatitis C virus (HCV), an important cause of liver disease in humans. Prior studies show that it binds the 5′ UTR of the messenger-sense HCV RNA genome, stimulating translation and promoting genome replication by an unknown mechanism. In this study the authors show that [click to continue…]

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