DASHR: database of small human noncoding RNAsDescription:  Small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) are highly abundant RNAs, typically <100 nucleotides long, that act as key regulators of diverse cellular processes. Although thousands of sncRNA genes are known to exist in the human genome, no single database provides searchable, unified annotation, and expression information for full sncRNA transcripts and mature RNA products derived from these larger RNAs. Here, we present the Database of small human noncoding RNAs (DASHR). DASHR contains the most comprehensive information to date on human sncRNA genes and mature sncRNA products. DASHR provides a simple user interface for researchers to view sequence and secondary structure, compare expression levels, and evidence of specific processing across all sncRNA genes and mature sncRNA products in various human tissues. DASHR annotation and expression data covers all major classes of sncRNAs including microRNAs (miRNAs), Piwi-interacting (piRNAs), small nuclear, nucleolar, cytoplasmic (sn-, sno-, scRNAs, respectively), transfer (tRNAs), and ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs). Currently, DASHR (v1.0) integrates 187 smRNA high-throughput sequencing (smRNA-seq) datasets with over 2.5 billion reads and annotation data from multiple public sources. DASHR contains annotations for ∼48 000 human sncRNA genes and mature sncRNA products, 82% of which are expressed in one or more of the curated tissues. DASHR is available at

Newly published in the Nucleic Acid Research Database issue:


starBase v2.0 logostarBase v2.0 update available

starBase is a database that can be used for decoding miRNA-mRNA, miRNA-ceRNA, miRNA-lncRNA, miRNA-circRNA, miRNA-pseudogene and protein-RNA interaction networks from CLIP-Seq (HITS-CLIP, PAR-CLIP, iCLIP, CLASH) data. starBase v2.0 now also provides visualization, analysis, discovery and downloading of above-mentioned large-scale functional genomics data.

Currently, starBase v.20 includes (1)108 CLIP-Seq datasets, (2)~500,000 miRNA-mRNA interactions, (3)~10,000 miRNA-lncRNA interactions(4)~16,000 miRNA-pseudogene interactions, (5)~9,000 miRNA-circRNA interactions, (6)~10,000 ceRNA pairs, (7)~300,000 protein-RNA interactions, (8) two tools for functional annotation from ceRNA and miRNA regulatory networks.
starBase v2.0 is freely available at


microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and represent two classes of important non-coding RNAs in eukaryotes. Although these non-coding RNAs have been implicated in organismal development and in various human diseases, surprisingly little is known about their transcriptional regulation. Recent advances in chromatin immunoprecipitation with next-generation DNA sequencing (ChIP-Seq) have provided methods of detecting transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) with unprecedented sensitivity. In this study, we describe ChIPBase (, a novel database that we have developed to facilitate the comprehensive annotation and discovery of transcription factor binding maps and transcriptional regulatory relationships of miRNAs and lncRNAs from ChIP-Seq data.

chipBase workflow

The current release of ChIPBase includes high-throughput sequencing data that were generated by 543 ChIP-Seq experiments in diverse tissues and cell lines from six organisms. By analysing millions of TFBSs, we identified tens of thousands of TF-lncRNA and TF-miRNA regulatory relationships. Furthermore, we constructed TF->miRNA->mRNAs regulatory networks by integrating CLIP-Seq data and ChIP-Seq data. In addition, we constructed expression profiles of human lncRNAs and mRNAs from RNA-Seq data from 22 normal tissues.

The ChIPBase is available at

Yang JH, Li JH, Jiang S, Zhou H and Qu LH.
ChIPBase: A database for decoding the transcriptional regulation of long non-coding RNA and microRNA genes from ChIP-Seq data.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2013, First published online: November 17, 2012.

Article link:


miREC database websiteThe miREC database (miRNAs involved in Endometrial Cancer) combines published data about miRNAs and genes deregulated in endometrial cancer, as well as target-regulator relationships between these genes and miRNAs. All information has been extracted from published literature and entries are supplemented by reference citations.

The miREC database was launched in February 2011  by researchers at the Systems Biology Research Centre, University of Skövde, Sweden. Latest update was in March 201. Currently, miREC contains 570 genes and 154 miRNAs. These comprise genes and miRNAs found through manual curation of published literature, as well as their verified regulators and targets from miRecords and TarBase.



With two miRNA conferences coming up that focus on this field I thought the following manually curated database will be useful: miRandola.

Extracellular miRNAs in serum, plasma, saliva, urine and other body fluids have recently been shown to be associated with various pathological conditions including cancer. miRNAs circulate in the bloodstream in a highly stable, extracellular form, thus they may be used as blood-based biomarkers for cancer and other diseases. Circulating miRNAs are protected by encapsulation in membrane-bound vesicles such as exosomes, but the majority of circulating miRNAs in human plasma and serum cofractionate with Argonaute2 (Ago2) protein, rather than with vesicles. In the present work, the Ferro lab at the University of Catania performed a comprehensive classification of different extracellular circulating miRNA types. A direct link to the knowledge base miRò together with the inclusion of datamining facilities allow users to infer possible biological functions of the circulating miRNAs and their connection with the phenotype. To our knowledge miRandola is the first database that provides information about all kind of extracellular miRNAs and we believe that it will constitute a very important resource for researchers.


miRdSNP: a database of disease-associated SNPs and microRNA target sites on 3′UTRs of human genes

January 25, 2012

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can lead to the susceptibility and onset of diseases through their effects on gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. Recent findings indicate that SNPs could create, destroy, or modify the efficiency of miRNA binding to the 3′UTR of a gene, resulting in gene dysregulation. With the rapidly growing number of published […]

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miRNEST database: an integrative approach in microRNA search and annotation

December 8, 2011

Despite accumulating data on animal and plant microRNAs and their functions, existing public miRNA resources usually collect miRNAs from a very limited number of species. A lot of microRNAs, including those from model organisms, remain undiscovered. As a result there is a continuous need to search for new microRNAs. Izabela Makałowska’s Laboratory of Evolutionary Genomics […]

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miRvar: Database for Genomic Variations in microRNAs

October 19, 2011

The regulatory role of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been well studied in a wide variety of biological processes but there have been litle systematic efforts to understand and analyze the genetic variations in miRNA loci and study its functional consequences. Vinod Scaria’s group at the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR) in Delhi comprehensively curated […]

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miR2Disease Database

October 30, 2009

Thanks go to our reader Qinghua Jiang who pointed out a data base called miR2Disease. This collaboration project between the Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) and the Center of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics at the Indiana University of Medical School is a manually curated microRNA-disease database focusing on miRNA deregulation in various human diseases. The […]

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A New miRNA Knowledgebase: miRò

September 21, 2009

miRò is a web-based knowledge base that provides users with miRNA–phenotype associations in humans. It integrates data from various online sources, such as databases of miRNAs, ontologies, diseases and targets, into a unified database equipped with an intuitive and flexible query interface and data mining facilities. The main goal of miRò is the establishment of […]

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